If fear remains confined to self-defence alone then ultimately it leads to cowardice. The same fear will look like bravery when it becomes offensive. But whether it is cowardice or the so-called bravery, fear is present in both. It is therefore necessary to know what fear is, because the one who is afraid can never be non-violent; and if a man in fear tries to be non-violent, he actually becomes merely a coward, not non-violent. The basis of non-violence is fearlessness. In the absence of fearlessness, non-violence is not possible.